The urban landscape of Bangalore has been transformed since the central government initiated policy reforms in 1991. Reforms of industrial, trade, and agricultural policies at central and state levels have created an investor-friendly environment that has encouraged foreign direct investment and fostered economic and urban growth. After 1990, economic reforms led to a rapid increase in Bangalore’s formal economy and subsequent urban expansion.
What are the implications for land conservation, energy consumption, and natural resource use of Bangalore’s urban growth? How has international capital reshaped Bangalore’s urban form and economy? How will urban growth affect agricultural land loss in the region?
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